00-03 Hard and soft power

hard power

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Hard power, soft power

According to the Cambridge dictionary hard power is “the use of a country's military power to persuade other countries to do something, rather than the use of cultural or economic influence”.

The same dictionary defines soft power as “the use of a country's cultural and economic influence to persuade other countries to do something, rather than the use of military power” giving the following example: When it comes to soft power, Germany is now one of the most powerful nations in the world.

Watch attentively the following video and get ready to answer some questions

Answer the questions:

The lecturer mentioned people who lost their faith. What is the doctrine or ideology that they supposedly believed in?

What is the difference between the mechanisms of soft power generation in the USA and China (which wasted billions of dollars trying to do it)?

How the Soviet Union lost its soft power that was gained after Nazi Germany defeat?

Which hand tool was mentioned in this video?

Now watch the next video. Again, there will be questions afterwards.

There are at least two numbers mentioned in this video – 41 and 43. Who do you think is the person that corresponds to the number 42 might be?

Translate the sentence which starts at 2’13’’and ends on 2’31’’.

Why there was a burst of laughter on 1’28’’?

Joseph Nye mentioned two times the name of the diplomat and philosopher. His name is …

The following video will help you to understand the usage of the verb «to wield»:

What is steel compared to the hand that wields it? — The oligarchs who wielded most political power were media barons. — And it highlights the potential power that sattelites can wield. 
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