Extract

extract, dna,

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Definitions of EXTRACT


Very often in our native language we come across some English words which seem to be familiar to us. But we don’t know in what cases they are used in the source language . Let’s make it clear. These are “loanwords”. They are adopted from a different language. A loanword can also be called a borrowing. "Loan" and "borrowing" are of course metaphors, because there is no literal lending process. There is no transfer from one language to another, and no "returning" words to the source language. Such adopted words are widely spread Russian. For example, the focus of this lesson is “EXTRACT”. We hear people say “tea with mint extract” or “malt extract” or “vanilla extract” etc. 


Let’s figure out if there are any other definitions of “extract”. We’ll analyze the most important of them.

1.to remove or take out something

Humanity use natural resources and materials the earth provides. These substances include minerals, forests, water, fertile soil and more. In many cases, we extract these resources faster than nature can replenish them.

The technique of pumping pressurized water deep underground to fracture Rock and extract oil and natural gas.
The country's economic future will depend on extracting the Arctic's natural resources.
They can no longer extract natural resources because they no longer control the land or the area, they can no longer tax to citizens in that area because they no longer have that area.

Excessive tooth decay and tooth infection can all require a tooth extraction. Those who get braces may need one or two teeth removed to provide room for their other teeth as they shift into place. Additionally, those who are undergoing chemotherapy or are about to have an organ transplant may need compromised teeth removed in order to keep their mouth healthy. Tooth extraction is performed by a dentist or oral surgeon and is a relatively quick outpatient procedure with either local, general, intravenous anesthesia, or a combination. Removing visible teeth is a simple extraction. Teeth that are broken, below the surface, or impacted require a more involved procedure.

And then people had to go through very painful extractions. There was no local anesthetic, so tooth extraction was quite terrible. So, people actually died from having teeth extracted.
So, the extractions take just seconds. She's having her lower teeth extracted.

There are also some more phrases with “extract” in them:

  1. They used to extract iron ore from this site.
  2. The oil which is extracted from olives is used for cooking.
  3. The tooth was eventually extracted.
  4. We had to extract a confession forcing them to say the truth.
  5. To save the patient's life the surgeon needs extract a bullet from a wound.
  6. Extract a cartridge and replace it with a new one.


Imagine there was an easy way to get or extract text out of an image, scanned document, or PDF file and quickly paste it into another document. The good news is that you no longer have to waste time typing everything out because there are programs that use Optical Character Recognition (OCR) to analyze the letters and words in an image, and then convert them to text.

Extract text from documents like this.

2.to make someone give you something when they do not want to:

There are people who state that the Internet often suggests unreliable and false news and articles. Indeed, everybody can write and share through the Internet whatever he wants or thinks. In fact, there are people who create wrong information on purpose.

The internet is really just the technological front on a whole series of business plans, that are looking to extract money from us, time from us, attention from us, at least data from us.

Anytime you’re in a situation where there are a lot of people, you run the risk of having your purse or wallet stolen. It’s simple theft, really. Someone bumps into you, and the next time you reach for your wallet, it’s gone. Or you set your purse down on the shelf for just a second to look at something, and when you reach for it, it’s gone. Observant and opportunistic thieves will take whatever chance they see to gain some extra cash.

Reach into your back pocket, pull out your wallet and extract the money.

3.a substance taken from a plant, flower, etc. and used especially in food or medicine:


  1. The product contains malt/yeast extract
  2. The cream contained extracts of/from several plants.


Coffee, milk, butter, eggs and vanilla extract.
Now we are gonna pour in our mint extract for flavoring. Now I'm using a lollipop stick again, I'm just gonna mix it together.

These days, medicines come from a variety of sources. Many were developed from substances found in nature, and even today many are extracted from plants. Over the years, the use of medicinal plants, which forms the backbone of traditional medicine, has grown with an estimated 80% of the populations, mostly in developing countries, relying on traditional medicines for their primary health.

We revolutionize the natural and herbal products industry by creating the world's first raw herbal extract technology.

The first isolation of DNA was done in 1869 by Friedrich Miescher. Currently it is a routine procedure in molecular biology or forensic analyses. For the chemical method, there are many different kits used for extraction, and selecting the correct one will save time on kit optimization and extraction procedures. PCR sensitivity detection is considered to show the variation between the commercial kits. Cells which are to be studied need to be collected.

The team started by extracting DNA from the bones and teeth.

Please, go to exercise your skills now.

Специализируемся на развитии навыков говорения и понимания реальной речи на слух. Используем только оригинальные материалы.