00-46. Obamacare and Hayek



Obamacare and Hayek

Ф.Хайек получил Нобелевскую премию почти полвека назад, но образованные люди прекрасно осведомлены о его идеях. Как женщина в этом сюжете, например

Want a new way to punish your kids? Tell them if they misbehave, they will have to read this! This is Obamacare. Otherwise known as The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. We’re told this will make healthcare cheaper while also giving more coverage to more people. How can it do both? Well, it can’t. But some people have so much faith in government control. I just wrote this book. That central planning… it just appeals to people. We are imprinted to believe that our wise leaders can make things better. However, the doctors at The Association of American Physicians and Surgeons are skeptical about that. Their former president is the orthopedic surgeon Dr. Lee Heib. - Doctor Heib, you are the rare doctor who actually knows what the phrase “Road to Serfdom” means. How did that happen? - I like to read history and I like F. A. Hayek’s ideas and I like free markets vs government… intervention. - - Well…They do seem to work better but this appeal to lots of people – the idea that “we have to worry about paying for healthcare” and “other countries take care of you”. Why isn’t this better?

В этом видео речь идет о противостоянии республиканцев и демократов по поводу так называемой Obamacare – законе о здравоохранении, против которого потом боролся Д.Трамп. Мы не будем вдаваться в подробности этого закона. Он привел к отсутствию конкуренции на рынке услуг в системе здравоохранения и бюрократизму (вспомните пачку бумаг в руках ведущего программу).

Что ответила дама на вопрос по поводу ‘other countries’, которые «заботятся о тебе»?

- Other countries purport to take care of you. I mean, we have a lot of histories in the 20th Century, for example the Soviet Union. They had free universal health care, but when Boris Yeltsin needed his heart surgeon who did he call? He had American trained physicians, he went to a hospital only for the politburo. It’s good enough for the gray masses and in Soviet Union universal healthcare was good enough for the gray masses but not good enough for Boris Yeltsin…Well the people like things that appear to be free and easy until things collapse. But seniors are finding out that it’s getting harder and harder to find a physician who takes Medicare and ultimately government medicine fails. And when it fails it fails spectacularly. I travel around the world and talk to people in different countries who have socialized healthcare and I look at the data. And there’s a difference between feel-good medicine and good medicine. You know, I believe medicine is between a doctor and a patient not between a doctor and a government bureaucrat and a patient. And if you look at, for example, almost any marker that you want – survival cancer rates - they are significantly better in The United States. They may feel good in Finland where they have universal healthcare. But the 5 years’ survival rate with men … with a cancer in Europe is 47%. In The Unites States it’s 66%. 

Возвращаемся к фильму Стефани Фландерс о Ф.Хайеке и его теории:

Friedrich Hayek was a champion of the market. He inspired many of the people who built the world we live in today. -Margaret Thatcher would, from time to time, pull little bits of paper with quotations on them out of her handbag. And Hayek would be one of them.
For more than a generation Western leaders claimed to embrace one central economic idea – the free market. With the financial crisis that orthodoxy is under attack. Our faith in it has been shaken like never before. But one great free-market visionary emerged from the meltdown with his reputation enhanced. There might never be a better time to listen to Friedrich Hayek.
I see right now this moment in history as a time where Hayek`s ideas deserve a shot. - Of all the big free-market thinkers Hayek was by far the most radical. He believed that market should be freer than any government has ever dared to allow it to be. In a world, according to Hayek, politicians should stay back from trying to manage capitalism’s ups and downs. They should simply set it free. Of all the big free-market thinkers Hayek was by far the most radical. He believed that market should be freer than any government has ever dared to allow it to be. In a world, according to Hayek, politicians should stay back from trying to manage capitalism’s ups and downs. They should simply set it free.

‘to deserve a shot’… 

To understand how governments, not markets, might have caused the crisis we need to wind the clock back - to the years leading up to it.
Hayek`s belief in a positive power of the unbridled free market stems from his childhood in Austria. He was born in Vienna in 1899. Then the city was packed full of intellectuals like Freud and Wittgenstein. Many of whom Hayek came to know.

Витгенштейн – австрийский философ и логик. Обратите внимание на произношение слова Freud…

Hayek grew up in a family of scientists. Like many other intellectuals in Vienna at that time they liked to think they were on a grand quest to unwrap the secrets of the universe. The young Hayek was especially influenced by his father – a doctor and enthusiastic botanist.
Hayek started off like his dad obsessively collecting plants’ and insects’ samples. Really into the development of species. By the time he was 16 he was more interested in people, the development of whole societies, not plants. But Darwin’s theory of evolution stuck in his head.

be into the development of species – увлечен развитием видов. Можно быть be into a woman – влюбленным.

Physics, which allows often for precise predictions in terms of planetary motion and eclipses, is not a good model for understanding how social phenomena work. I think that was the basis of his attraction to Evolutionary theory. He wanted to establish that you could be a science even if you don’t make precise predictions, even if you don’t have a sort of control that many of his opponents said: well, for a science we should be able to engineer society the way an engineer builds a bridge.
Darwin’s theory of evolution also helped forge Hayek’s vision of capitalism itself. He came to believe that global market that evolved over the course of human history emerging as a kind of natural wonder driving civilization forward.
Hayek saw the market as a telecommunication system, processing billions of pieces of information about all our needs and desires and a changing supply of resources to meet them. Hayek said it was a marvel the way all this is conveyed to us by prices that guide our actions as they rise and fall.
The market does most good when it’s most free. It’s our desire to control it that most often turns it against us.
Hayek thought meddling by government could to make it harder for the market to do its job by distorting the signal that it was sending to buyers and sellers. The meddling involved in the government’s control of the supply of money, Hayek decided, could be most damaging of all.
He thought what economy needed was a period of cleansing - get past all that bad investment from the boom, get rid of all the weak businesses. The fittest survive. Hayek saw the new deal as an artificial stimulant preventing the market naturally healing its damaged eco-system. Rather than stepping in government should step back and let the recession do its job. Hayek’s tough message was too much for most politicians to swallow. He was ignored.
But as the 30-s moved on Hayek was drawn into to a far greater battle, whether capitalism was even the right way to organize society or if the new ideologies of communism and fascism with their centrally planned systems held the answer. He was convinced – both were utterly wrong. - Hayek said: not merely can human being struggle to understand how to cope without certainty but the world is just too complex for them to cope without understanding all of it. A market system conveys so much information that makes it feasible. Central planning will fail under own weight.  The impossibility of understanding the complexity of the economy - that was Hayek’s most important insight and if people would listen to that they would never have been so worried about the threat from communism, as they were, because central planning failed under the weight of its own inconsistency. 
When the Second World War began the British government took control of the economy to harness its power for the war effort. Hayek worried they would never let go. As men from the ministry dictated how many blankets each blanket factory produced, Hayek began writing a book attacking the government’s control of the economy. It would help change the course of the XXth century and start a political battle that runs to this day.  - And that is a hand-written copy of my father-in-law … in an ordinary child exercise book of ‘The Road to Serfdom’. - In ‘The Road to Serfdom’ Hayek makes a moral argument that government attempts to control the economy ultimately enslave its people.
When we give more and more power to the state gradually, gradually there’s an erosion of, first, economic freedom and then, ultimately - political freedom, but the erosion of of political freedom then makes people to demand a strong man , a dictator to sort everything out.
The rise of Margaret Thatcher brought Hayek into the political mainstream for the first time. - Margaret Thatcher would, from time to time, pull little bits of paper with quotations on them out of her handbag. And Hayek would be one of them. In 1979 Margaret Thatcher was swept to power determined to build a new Britain. It was a bold change of direction that really did create the world we live in today.
In the language of the time Mrs. Thatcher began ‘rolling back the state’.  Government-owned industries were privatized; public spending and taxes were cut. There was a bonfire of state controls on the market - on prices, wages, dividends and foreign exchange. Britain was moving Hayek’s way. 
Hayek and Margaret Thatcher agreed on a lot. But there was one crucial difference between them. Whereas Hayek thought you free the market to prevent power getting too concentrated in the hands of politicians, Thatcher thought you could have free market policies and still keep a lot of power at the center. That tension between Hayek’s ideal and the controlling instinct of even free market politicians never really went away.
Hayek’s advice seems harder to take than ever. You’ve got the global economy still struggling to put the financial crisis behind it if it is behind it. And Hayek would say: government should just step back, take a cool look at the historical record, dismantle most of the machinery they’ve constructed for guiding the economy, take a deep breath and let go. I don’t see any government today ready to do that. I don’t think I ever will.

В фильме есть также небольшой сюжет о противнике централизованной банковской системы. Откуда берет деньги государство?? Из воздуха!

There’s always been government money. Because they abuse their power! They make money out of thin air! So here’s what we should do – is to abolish the central bank. 

Про идиому с ‘thin air’ найдете на нашем ресурсе: 



Глагол ‘to abolish’ (отменять, упразднять) вы уже встречали не раз (когда речь шла о рабстве).

Что такое ‘public money’? В обществе, где наблюдается очевидный раскол народа и власти, фраза ‘public money’ звучит неестественно. Это «государственные» деньги.

Public money – There’s not such a thing as ‘public money’. There is only taxpayers’ money.

Если вы выдержали все эти материалы или (что намного лучше), проявили к ним интерес, то вы сделали существенный шаг к пониманию западной цивилизации. Язык последует неизбежно…

Специализируемся на развитии навыков говорения и понимания реальной речи на слух. Используем только оригинальные материалы.